Wednesday, March 28, 2012

GK - Learnings Geography


  • The word 'Assam' is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Asoma'
  • Its meaning is peerless, reflected in the exquisite natural beauty, cultural richness and human wealth. During the Mahabharata age, it was known as Pragjyotish (Land of Eastern Light).
  • In the Puranas and Tantras, Assam was referred to as Kamrupa- the land where Kamadeva, the God of Love, was reborn.
  • In ancient times Assam constituted a part of the land known successively as Pragjyotisha or Pragjyotishpura, and Kamarupa.
  • Asom (Axom) or its anglicized version Assam is a comparatively modern name.
  • The exact origin of the name vary with some ascribing it to the Bodo word Ha-Cham which means ‘low level country and a second view ascribing it to the word Asama, meaning ‘unequalled’ or ‘peerless’,and used to denote the Ahoms, a Shan tribe which ruled the land for six centuries from the 13th century A.D.
      • It was during the Varmana dynasty that Assam was chronicled
      in the SI-YUKI, the famed travelogue of Hiuen-Tsang, a Chinese pilgrim
    • After 600 years of the Ahom-Kingdom, Assam became part of British India in 1826 and then a
    constituent state of Independent India.


  • kathamandu is also spelled katmandu or kantipur.
  • capital of nepal
  • It was found in 723 by raja gunakamadeva
  • Its early name was manju-patan
  • The present name refers to wooden temple
  • It is said to have been built from a wood of a single tree by raja lachmina singh in 1596
  • KATH means WOOD n MANDIR means TEMPLE
  • kathmandu has served as the seat of the ruling shah family of the gurkha people since 1768


Country Capital Currency Countries with Capital and Currency of Asia Afghanistan Kabul Afghani Bahrain Manama Bahraini Dinar Bangladesh Dhaka Taka Bhutan Thimpu Ngulturm Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Dollar Cambodia Phnom Panh Rile China Beijing Yuan Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus Pounnd India New Delhi Indian Rupee Indonesia Djakarta Rupiah Iran Tehran Riyal Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar Israel Tel Aviv Shekel Japan Tokyo Yen Jordan Amman Lordan Dinar Kazakhstan Akmola Tenge Korea (North) Pyongyang Won (KPW) Korea (South) Seoul Won (KRW) Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwait Dinar Kyrgystan Bishkek Som (KGS) Laos Vientiane Kip Lebanon Beirut Lebnanesse Pound Malaysia Kuala Lumpu Malaysian Ringgit Maldives Male Rufiyaa Mongolia Ulan-Bator Tugrik Myanmar Yangoon Kyat Nepal Kathamandu Nepalese Rupee Oman Muscat Omani Rial Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani Rupee Philippines Manila Piso Qatar Doha Qatari Riyal Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal (SAR) Singapore Singapore Singapore Dollar Sri Lanka Colombo Sri Lanka Rupee Syria Damascus Syrian Pound Taiwan Taipei New Taiwan Dollar Tajikistan Dushambe Tajik Rouble Thailand Bangkok Baht Turkemenistan Ashkabad Manat (TMM) Turkey Ankara Turkish Lira United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Dirham Uzbekistan Tashkent Som (UKS) Vietnam Hanoi Dong Yemen Sana Riya (YER) Countries with Capital and Currency of Europe Country Capital Currency Albania Tirana Lek Andorra Andorra-la-vella Franc Pesta Armenia Yerevan Dram Austria Vienna Schilling Belarus Minsk Manat Belgium Brussels Belgian Franc Bosnia-Herzegovina Sarajevo Konvertibilna Marka Bulgaria Sofia Dinar Croatia Sofia Lev Czech Zagreb Koruna Denmark Copenhagen Danish Krone Estonia Tallinn Kroon Finland Helsinki Marakka France Paris Franc Georgia Tbilisi Lari Germany Berlin Deutsche Mark Greece Athens Drachma Hungary Budapest Forint Iceland Reykavik Krona Ireland Dublin Euro Italy Rome Euro Kosovo Pristina Euro Latvia Riga Lats Leichtenstein Vaduz Swiss Franc Lithuania Vilnius Litas Luxemburg Luxemburg Luxemburg France Macedonia Skopje Dinar Malta Valletta Maltese Lira Moldova Chisinau Leu Monaco Monaco French Franc Montenegro Podgorica Euro Netherlands The Hague Guilder Norway Oslo Norwegian Krone Poland Warsaw Zloty Portugal Lisbon Escudo Republic Prague Koruna Romania Bucharest Lei Russia Moscow Rouble San Marino San Marino Italian Lira Slovakia Bratislava Slovak Koruna Slovania Ljubljana Tolar Spain Madrid Peseta Sweden Stockholm Krona(SEK) Switzerland Berne Swiss Franc Ukraine Kiev Karbovanets United Kingdom London Pound Sterling Vatican City State Vatican City Italian Lira Yugoslavia Belgrade New Dinar Countries with Capital and Currency of Africa Country Capital Currency Algeria Algiers Algerian Dinar Angola Luanda Kwanza Benin Porto Novo Franc (CFA) Bostwana Gaborone Pula Burkina Faso Ouagadougou Franc (CFA) Burundi Bujumbura Burundi Franc Cameroon Yaoundi Franc (CFA) Cape Verde Prala Cape Verde Escudo Central African Republic Bangul Franc (CFA) Chad N’D’ Jamena Franc (CFA) Comoros Moroni Comorian Franc Congo Brazzaville Franc (CFA) Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Franc Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound Equatorial Guinea Malabo Franc (CFA) Eritrea Asmara Etheopian Birr Gabon Libereville Franc (CFA) Ghana Accra Cedi Guinea Conakry Guinean Franc Guinea Bissau Bissau Peso Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro Franc (CFA) Kenya Nairobi Kenya Shilling Lesotho Maseru Loti Liberia Monorovia Liberian Dollar Libya Tripoli Libyan Dinar Madagascar Antananrivo Malagasy Franc Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha Mali Bamako Franc (CFA) Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya Mauritius Port Louis Mauritius Rupee Morocco Rabat Dirham Mozambique Maputo Metical Namibia Windhock Rand Niger Niamey Franc Nigeria Lagos Naira Rwanda Kigali Franc Senegal Dakar Franc Seychelles Victoria Rupee Sierra Leone Freetown Leone Somalia Mogadishu Shilling South Africa Cape Town Rand Sudan Khartoum Pound Swaziland Mbabane Lilangeni Tanzania Dar-es-Salaam Shilling The Gambia Banjul Dalasi Togo Lome Franc Tunisia Tunis Dinar Uganda Kampala Shilling Zambia Lusaka Kwatcha Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwe Dollar Countries with Capital and Currency of North America Country Capital Currency Antigua and Barbuda St. Johns Dollar Bahamas Nassau Dollar Barbados Bridgetown Dollar Belize Belmopan Dollar Canada Ottawa Canadian Dollar Costa Rica San Jose Colon Cuba Havana Peso Dominica Roseau Sterling El Salvador San Salvador Colon Grenada St. George Dollar Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzal Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira Jamaica Kingston Dollar Mexico Mexico City Peso Nicaragua Managua Cordoba Panama Panama City Balboa St. Kitts and Nevis Basseterre Dollar Trinidad and Tobago Port-of-Spain Dollar United States of America Washington D.C. Dollar Countries with Capital and Currency of South America Country Capital Currency Argentina Buenos Aires Austral (Pesu) Bolivia La Paz Boliviano Brazil Brasilia Cruzeiro Chile Santiago Peso Colombia Bogotá Peso Ecuador Quito Suere French Guyana Koenne Franc Guyana Georgetown Dollar Paraguay Asuncion Guarani Peru Lima Nuevosol Surinam Paramaribo Guilder Uruguay Montevideo Peso Venezuela Caracas Bolivar Countries with Capital and Currency of Oceania Country Capital Currency Australia Canberra Australian Dollar Fiji Suva Fiji Dollar Nauru Nauru Dollar New Zealand Willington New Zealand Dollar Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina Solomon Island Honiara Dollar Tonga Nukualofa Panga

Saturday, March 10, 2012


Pen drive

It is a flash memory card that plugs into computer's USB port. Small enough to hook onto a key chain, it emulates a small disk drive and allows data to be easily transferred from one machine to another.

History :

The first flash drive were designed and marketed by through a joint venture between IBM and trek technologies corporation . these initial drives were released in last quarter in the year 2000 as 'thumb drives' and featured an 8mb storage capacity that easily surpassed the floppy drive's 1.44mb storage capacity.

How does a pen drive works

"pen drive" is another name used to describe a certain type of universal serial bus (USB) flash drive.pen drives are Nand -type flash memory cards that can be plugged into computer's

USB port. The term "pen" refers to its size. This type of flash drive is so small that it can fit into the palm of your hand. Also , it is often flat and rectangular, similar to the shape of highlighter pen.

Pen drives are used to store data. These flash drives vary in storage capacity (64mb to 32gb) and are removable and writable. techies often purchase pen drives as replacements or backups for CD-R'S or floppy disk. Ipods and mp3 players are the most popular form of pen drives.


Pen drive acts as permanent storage drives that interface with the computer through a USB or firewire port. These pen drive store information for any of the same uses an internal hard drive. The pen drive use flash memory modules that hold data in a Nand memory configuration , which have increased sequential read and write speeds but reduced random access time.


Resistant to scratches:

Pen drives are resistant to scratches and dust. They can be carried from one place to another and withstand everyday carring and abuse.pen drives often have small cap to the area that plugs into the USB port, and some are also now retractable.

One-stop storage:

Important office document can be saved onto a pen drive and taken to another office.

Pen drives are universal:

The design of pen drives makes it easy to fit almost anywhere. They can store large amount of information . almost all computers that are designed today have a USB port that allows for extra devices to be attached to access other

Information on other computer hardware accessories.

Small size for easy transport.



Too small and portable to loose, you can loose if it is gone or device is corrupted. some devices may be very slow based on the memory speed etc. otherwise a very user friendly, more reliable and cheaper media compared to earlier magnetic disks (floppy disks).

Its easily lost, as it is so small.

It is also broken easily.

keerthi muppuri



The topic which i selected was Technology:

In the current time people can't imagine their life without technology. Surrounding us various technologies are helping people to live their life with more luxury. The technology sector has changed and developed many products. The technology is providing many advantages but also it has some disadvantages. The following are some of them:


There are several advantages of technology like

Easier life - With technological machine people are getting help in every sector. Cars and bikes are helping people to reach anywhere quickly. Airplane and superfast trains have been reduced distance between cities and countries. Computer and internet are providing information in simplest way also it has changed way of communication. Now people are doing video conferencing and chatting to communicate with their friends and family used communication technology.

Lesser Mistakes - Machines are helping people to make lesser mistakes. Robots or machines are working accurately and you just need to program them with proper information. Like in production of any automotive most of manufacturing companies are using automatic machines which follow instruction of computer or that person who is operating the machine. And all work gets done perfectly.

Save Time - Technologies are saving our time, for an example you can fly anywhere in the world in lesser time. With a computer you can do any work in lesser time and also it helps to enhance quality and provide suggestions. Machines are helping people in kitchen too - like Oven and these are also saving time.


Everyone knows that technology is very helpful but it has some disadvantages too. Because many companies have adopted automatic machines so that they can improve their production with accuracy. As a result many people lost their jobs.

Similarly house maids are losing their jobs because robotic machines are doing their job. Owner need to pay one time only while maid get paid for every month.

However machines and robots look inexpensive and good to use but, when any technical problem occurs in machine or robot, it took much time to fix it and also it can be expensive.